RCAF/CAF and CDN Army Aircraft Colours

Note: All 1-GP-12c colours are a Matt unless designated otherwise. Colours with FS595 designations follow the usual FS standards.





  Overall colour seen on pre-unification Canadian Army aircraft.
 1-GP-12b: 3-13
1-GP-12c: 503-101 (Gloss)
  Hue: 31 Sat: 49 Lum: 57 Red: 73 Green: 68 Blue: 48




  One of the colours that comprised the original 503-301/501-302/101-327 camouflage, that appeared on the CF-116 (CF-5A), CT-133, CH-135 and CH-136 around 1974. FS34064 would be a good FS595 match. Photos suggest the 'browner' 503-301, used on the the later CF-5 'wrap-style' camouflage of 503-301/503-302, could be better represented by an Olive Drab (FS34087).
 1-GP-12b: 3-213
1-GP-12c: 503-301
  Hue: 37 Sat: 28 Lum: 64 Red: 76 Green: 75 Blue: 60




  Replaced 503-301 in the colour standards.
 FS595: 34064   Hue: 30 Sat: 11 Lum: 85 Red: 94 Green: 92 Blue: 86




  One half of the Greens FS34084/FS34095 tactical camouflage, that appears on the CH-146 Griffon, in the FIP scheme.
 FS595: 34084   Hue: 29 Sat: 21 Lum: 74 Red: 86 Green: 82 Blue: 72




  503-301, as used on the final service camouflage for CF-104 Starfighters and also worn by 1 CAD CT-133's. The European-based aircraft, used a Dutch produced paint, thus accounting for the colour variance.
 1-GP-12b: 3-213
1-GP-12c: 503-301
  Hue: 30 Sat: 48 Lum: 60 Red: 77 Green: 70 Blue: 51




  This variation, appeared along with FS34095, as the new tactical helicopter scheme, circa 1987.
 1-GP-12b: 3-213
1-GP-12c: 503-301
  Hue: 30 Sat: 48 Lum: 47 Red: 60 Green: 55 Blue: 40




  Applied to the helicopters in the 70's, it seemed each type had the colour tinted. This 'chip' depicts the colour as applied to the CH-135's. When applied to a CH-113, it was generally a slightly 'bluer' tint, while it took on a 'browner' tint for the CH-136. As for the wrap CF-5A, FS34086 would be a good representation of the 'browner' tint.
 1-GP-12b: 3-217
1-GP-12c: 503-120
(Semi-Gloss)
  Hue: 38 Sat: 23 Lum: 66 Red: 77 Green: 75 Blue: 64




 A sample used on the CH-139 Jet Ranger, 1988.
 1-GP-12b: 3-217
1-GP-12c: 503-120
  Hue: 38 Sat: 23 Lum: 75 Red: 87 Green: 86 Blue: 72




  Seen on CH-147 Chinooks, circa 1989. For some reason, the Chinook carried a different green than the rest of the helicopter fleet. According to David Klaus's "IPMS Color Cross-Reference Guide", a darkened FS34084 may be a reasonable match.
 1-GP-12c: 503-321   Hue: 39 Sat: 217 Lum: 48 Red: 69 Green: 67 Blue: 3




  Introduced in the late 80's, it comprised part of the 503-301/FS34095 tactical camouflage scheme on CH-135's & CH-136's, plus the FS34095/501-30/501-322/501-323 tactical camouflage seen on several transport aircraft, such as the CC-130 Hercules, CC-115 Buffalo & CC-142 Dash 8.
 FS595: 34095   Hue: 49 Sat: 41 Lum: 76 Red: 89 Green: 95 Blue: 67




  The colour of the interior quilted soundproofing for various transport aircraft, plus the interior of AFV's & HMC ships.
 1-GP-12c: 503-118   Hue: 78 Sat: 76 Lum: 179 Red: 172 Green: 211 Blue: 170




  Pre-unification, European-based, Cdn Army aircraft, used a variegated camouflage of 504-303/503-301.pattern, Canadian based Cdn Army aircraft were in the overall gloss OD. 503-101.
 1-GP-12b: 4-202
1-GP-12c: 504-303
  Hue: 21 Sat: 141 Lum: 92 Red: 155 Green: 101 Blue: 40




  'Voodoo Grey', only used on the CF-101B Voodoo in its final service scheme. Model Master (enamels) do produce a "Cdn Voodoo Grey, FS16515" colour in their paint line. Xtracolour also produce a colour labeled "AWACS/Voodoo Grey", but many feel this makes a better grey for the CC-137, than the CF-101B. Note, this colour is NOT the USAF 'ADC Grey'!
  AA 92-A-312 (Gloss)   Hue: 80 Sat: 4 Lum: 181 Red: 191 Green: 193 Blue: 191




  Used as the undersurface colour on CAF transport aircraft types, such as the CC-109 Cosmopolitian & the CC-137 Boeing 707. Xtracolour offered this colour as "AWACS/Voodoo Grey".
 1-GP-12c: 201-103   Hue: 35 Sat: 27 Lum: 167 Red: 186 Green: 184 Blue: 169




  When this colour weathered, 'the green tint was the first thing to go' - thus resulting in a more bluish-grey appearence..'. There are two ways to replicate this colour. Tamyia acrylic's XF-12 (IJN Grey) is a very good 'slightly weathered' 501-109 OR you can mix RAF 'Sky' and FS35237, approximately 50/50. Examples of it's use are: the lower surfaces of the CC-129 Dakota, CC-107 Argus and the initial CP-140 scheme, the overall colour of the post unification CP-121 Tracker & the CH-124A Sea King, plus the wing underside on non-camouflaged CF-104. Although the overall colour of HMC surface warships, compare this shade with the 501-109 in the Maritime colour section.
 1-GP-12b: 1-2
1-GP-12c: 501-109 (Gloss)
  Hue: 109 Sat: 43 Lum: 179 Red: 179 Green: 202 Blue: 196




  The only use of this colour, was on the upper wings of Search and Rescue Dakotas, to reduce the glare off the wings, for the spotters.
 1-GP-12b: 1-207
1-GP-12c: 501-310
  Hue: 160 Sat: 0 Lum: 122 Red: 129 Green: 129 Blue: 129




  The second of the colours that comprised the original 503-301/501-302/101-327 camouflage, that appeared on the CF-116 (CF-5A), CT-133, CH-135 and CH-136 around 1974. Photos suggest a A RAF Ocean Grey (FS36270) would be a close match for this scheme.
 1-GP-12b: 1-209
1-GP-12c: 501-302
  Hue: 159 Sat: 13 Lum: 114 Red: 115 Green: 115 Blue: 128




  This colour, later specified as FS36118, appeared in the tactical transport camouflage, as seen on CC-130, DHC Buffalo and Dash-8. It also appeared on both the CF-5 'wrap' and the 'varigated' CF-104 camouflage schemes, along with Green 503-301.
 1-GP-12b: 1-209
1-GP-12c: 501-302
  Hue: 148 Sat: 17 Lum: 84 Red: 83 Green: 87 Blue: 96




  This lighter variation, was used in the CF-104, in it's final days, as well as in the camouflage for 1 CAG CT-133 'T-birds'.
 1-GP-12b: 1-209
1-GP-12c: 501-302
  Hue: 143 Sat: 13 Lum: 92 Red: 92 Green: 97 Blue: 103




  Current version of 501-302, in use on a variety of camouflaged aircraft, plus it's the current specified colour of the CF-188's false canopy (originally FS36118).
 1-GP-12b: 1-209
1-GP-12c: 501-302
  Hue: 143 Sat: 13 Lum: 70 Red: 70 Green: 73 Blue: 79




  This was used on a variety of fixed & rotary wing aircraft, circa 1974. This is another colour that has seen many variations.
 1-GP-12b: 1-217
1-GP-12c: 101-327
  Hue: 140 Sat: 10 Lum: 114 Red: 116 Green: 121 Blue: 126




  This version of 101-327, was the undersurface colour of the CF-104, in the variegated camouflage scheme. The difference in this version of the colour & other 101-327 tints, can be credited to the fact that the European-based CF-104's were painted using Dutch produced paints. It was also the undersurface colour of the CF-116 (CF-5A), along with the 1974 version of 503-301 & 501-302. A close FS595 match might be FS36375.
 1-GP-12b: 1-217
1-GP-12c: 101-327
  Hue: 129 Sat: 12 Lum: 141 Red: 145 Green: 153 Blue: 155




  Along with the 1987 example of 501-302, this version of 101-327 was used on the 1 CAG CF-104's as the aircraft were phased out of service. It was also used on 1 CAG 'T-birds'.
 1-GP-12b: 1-217
1-GP-12c: 101-327
  Hue: 80 Sat: 2 Lum: 167 Red: 176 Green: 179 Blue: 176




  Introduced in 1960, this was used as an anti-corrosion protective finish on the lower fuselage of Maritime patrol and SAR Lancaster, aircraft.
 1-GP-12b: 1-3
1-GP-12c: 501-108
  Hue: 32 Sat: 21 Lum: 142 Red: 160 Green: 156 Blue: 141




  This is the darker grey colour on the current the 501-323/FS36375 scheme of the CP-140 Aurora, CP-140A Arcturus and the CC-144/CE-144 Challenger (the VIP CC-144's of 412 Sqn. are overall gloss white). A feature of this low-viz grey scheme, is that the individual markings appear in the reverse grey. It's also used in a semi-gloss version, on several other types. FS26173 and FS36173, replaced 501-323. FS26173 was used, overall, on late FIP CP-121 Tracker, CH-124 Sea King, CT-133 Silver Star, CC-142 Dash 8, CE-144 Challenger and the original sheme on the CC-150 Polaris.
 1-GP-12c: 501-323
FS595: 26173/36173
  Hue: 142 Sat: 11 Lum: 125 Red: 127 Green: 132 Blue: 138




  This is the lower surface grey in the 501-323/FS36375 grey scheme, as well as the lower colour on the CF-188 Hornet. It also forms part of the lower pattern in the tactical camouflage, carried by various transports.
 1-GP-12c:501-323 FS595:36375   Hue: 140 Sat: 20 Lum: 163 Red: 166 Green: 173 Blue: 180




  Best known as the upper colour for the CF-188 Hornet & the overall colour for the grey CT-133. It was also seen as one of the colours applied to CF-116 (CF-5) in the 'Ghost' scheme.
 1-GP-12c:501-322 FS595:36237   Hue: 133 Sat: 17 Lum: 135 Red: 135 Green: 146 Blue: 151




  The gloss finish of this colour, is the current scheme for the CC-150 Polaris, with Grey FS16175 markings, except for the flag, which is the toned-down version, Red 11105 without the white. The same colour, as a semi-gloss, was the initial grey that was applied to the overall grey CC-130E and CC-130H transport aircraft, leaving the CC-130HT still in a tactical camouflage. Currently, the overall grey scheme on the Hercules, has gone fleet-wide, but in a matt finish. All CC-130 markings are Grey FS36176. A close paint match is Testor's Model Master "Euro 1 Grey", which translates to FS36081.
 FS595: 16099   Hue: 133 Sat: 16 Lum: 87 Red: 86 Green: 94 Blue: 98




  This was used in the tactical wrap scheme for the CC-130's and the variegated wrap on the CT-133's.
 FS595: 36118   Hue: 143 Sat: 13 Lum: 103 Red: 103 Green: 108 Blue: 115




  Underside and markings for the second CC-150 Polaris scheme. A close paint match is Testor's Model Master "FS Dark Grey (F-15)", which translates to FS36176.
 FS595: 16175   Hue: 140 Sat: 12 Lum: 123 Red: 125 Green: 131 Blue: 137




  Boeing 707 wing root walkways.
 FS595: 36231   Hue: 136 Sat: 12 Lum: 123 Red: 136 Green: 131 Blue: 137




  Only applied to CF-116 in the 'Ghost' scheme.
 FS595:36251   Hue: 140 Sat: 5 Lum: 130 Red: 125 Green: 139 Blue: 141




  Also used in the CF-116's 'Ghost' scheme.
 FS595:36307   Hue: 44 Sat: 11 Lum: 146 Red: 159 Green: 160 Blue: 151




  Replaced 202-103 as the underside/wing colour for the Boeing 707.
 FS595:16440   Hue: 32 Sat: 17 Lum: 172 Red: 188 Green: 186 Blue: 178




  "Roundel Blue". The shade shown here, is matched to the chip in the IPMS/Canada Colour Guide, which was noted to be darker than usual. The text went on to say, that when produced as a decal, it appeared this dark. Model Master (enamels) offer "Insignia Blue, FS35044", that is a good match the colour, as presented. On a related note, FS15044 is used for the new schemes seen on the CT-155 Hawks, CT-156 Harvard II's and the CT-142 'Gonzo' Dash 8's.
 1-GP-12b: 2-6
1-GP-12c: 202-101 (Gloss)
 Hue: 153 Sat: 123 Lum: 83 Red: 43 Green: 58 Blue: 134




  Only used for the early Neptune & RCN TBM Avenger schemes, it's the same colour as US Sea Blue(FS15042). Model Master (enamels) offer "Non-specular Sea Blue" (FS35042).
 1-GP-12b: 2-10
1-GP-12c:502-101 (Gloss)
 Hue: 135 Sat: 36 Lum: 50 Red: 45 Green: 55 Blue: 61




  Prominently seen on RCAF and early post-unification CAF, helicopters and as the borders of the Red-Orange Day-Glo SAR band, carried on dedicated SAR fixed-wing aircraft. Note that it's a brighter shade than 202-101. The OOP Aeromaster (enamels) offered a good match, labeled #9004 Blue, but I'm not sure who (if anyone) currently offer a similar shade.
 1-GP-12b: 2-12
1-GP-12c: 502-103 (Gloss)
 Hue: 149 Sat: 228 Lum: 71 Red: 4 Green: 44 Blue: 147




  Replaced "Roundel Blue" on standard full colour markings. As pointed out above, the 'normal' 202-101 was slightly lighter than the paint chip supplied as a sample.
 FS595: 15052  Hue: 153 Sat: 123 Lum: 88 Red: 46 Green: 63 Blue: 141




  "UN Blue". Used on overall white aircraft & vehicles, on UN duty.
 1-GP-12b: 2-2
1-GP-12c: 502-106 (Gloss)
 Hue: 123 Sat: 168 Lum: 102 Red: 33 Green: 172 Blue: 184




  Replaced 502-106 in all UN markings
 FS595: 15200  Hue: 129 Sat: 144 Lum: 139 Red: 84 Green: 183 Blue: 184




  Currently, the only specified colour for the flag, roundel & markings (originally only specified for national markings and 509-102 being specified for the hi-viz areas). Due to the practice of purchasing stock from local sources, there is a fairly wide variation in the shade. Model Master "Insignia Red, FS31136" on a matt white undercoat, is a good match.
 1-GP-12b: 9-3
1-GP-12c: 509-101 (Gloss)
 Hue: 0 Sat: 240 Lum: 88 Red: 187 Green: 0 Blue: 0




  Replaced 509-101 on hi-visability and full colour markings.
 FS595: 11105  Hue: 1 Sat: 156 Lum: 99 Red: 174 Green: 40 Blue: 37




  Red 509-101, as applied to CT-134 Musketeers. The IPMS/Canada Canadian Colour Guide stated, "It is a Dupont automotive paint, mixed locally to match the proper colour".
 1-GP-12b: 9-3
1-GP-12c: 509-101 (Gloss)
 Hue: 0 Sat: 240 Lum: 93 Red: 198 Green: 0 Blue: 0




  In the days the Red Ensign was the official Canadian flag, 509-102 was the only red specified for use by the RCAF and Army aircraft for roundels, fin flashes, the flag, hi-viz areas, warning markings, etc. Due to weathering & local sources, many variations occurred in the colour. It's also the colour of the Canadian Coast Guard helicopters & ships. I find a good match for this red, is Model Master (enamels) "Guards Red" on a matt white under coat.
 1-GP-12b: 9-2
1-GP-12c: 509-102 (Gloss)
 Hue: 0 Sat: 240 Lum: 93 Red: 204 Green: 0 Blue: 0




  This was the overall colour for trainer and CAF dedicated SAR aircraft, plus airfield ground equipment, prior to being replaced by FS13538, in the late 1990's. Early post-war RCAF target tug aircraft used the colour with black striping.
 1-GP-12b: 5-2
1-GP-12c: 505-101 (Gloss)
 Hue: 32 Sat: 240 Lum: 120 Red: 225 Green: 202 Blue: 0




  This Replaced 505-101 on the Jetranger. Overall colour dedicated SAR aircraft, in FIP scheme.
 FS595: 13538  Hue: 29 Sat: 240 Lum: 120 Red: 255 Green: 183 Blue: 0

Flourescents and Metallics

- while these can't be digitally reproduced with the proper metallic or flourescent qualities, by putting something in the 'colour chip', one can get the IDEA of the colour....





  "Flourescent Day-Glo Red-Orange". This colour was used as the main colour of the SAR band that appeared on aircraft in the the pre-overall yellow SAR scheme, the Target Tug CT-133's as well as appearing on the the RCN's CH-124 Sea King and HO4S (S-55) helicopters, late in their RCN service careers. Model Master (enamels) offers a very good match, in the form of "FS28913, Flourescent Red-Orange". Replaced by FS38903, only on the towed targets as seen on CT-133.
 1-GP-12b: 8-5
1-GP-12c: 609-401 (Flourescent, Gloss)
 Hue: 5 Sat: 240 Lum: 143 Red: 255 Green: 74 Blue: 49




  "Aluminum". Felt this one was also worthy of inclusion. Aluminum has been used as a partial or complete finish on many RCAF & CAF aircraft, being easier maintenance than a natural metal finish. Some aircraft to sport this colour are the CF-101, CT-114 (FIP scheme), CF-116 (dual), CC-130 in the ATC scheme, & the CC-137 in the first CAF scheme the type appeared in. Floquil's "Old Silver" or a lusterless silver, would approximate this finish. Replaced by FS17178 on the CT-114 Tutor and flag borders on the full colour markings.
 1-GP-12b: 10-5
1-GP-12c: 515-101 (Metallic, Gloss)
 Hue: 148 Sat: 34 Lum: 184 Red: 163 Green: 170 Blue: 186




  "Pale Gold".This is the colour of the RCAF's aerobatic team, "the Golden Hawks". It is also assumed to be the colour for the "Golden Centennaires" CT-114 Tutors. The best way to model this colour is to get the genuine paint. It's still made and sold by "Sheffield (Bronze Powder Co.)", as a decorative touch-up paint. The original printing of the "IPMS/Canada Canadian Colour Guide" stated that a telephone call to the company, confirmed the colour had remained unchanged, since the "Golden Hawks"!
 1-GP-12c: Pale Gold (Metallic, Gloss)  Hue: 29 Sat: 184 Lum: 92 Red: 173 Green: 132 Blue: 22